One of the main causes of female infertility is endometriosis, which is suffered by one in five women of reproductive age and that many, although not all of them cause difficulty in conceiving.
Endometriosis is characterized by the emergence and growth of endometrial tissue (the same that is released during each period) outside the uterus, most commonly in the pelvic cavity, the ovaries behind the uterus, uterine ligaments, bladder urinary or intestine. Each menstrual bleeding occurs in this tissue, which in turn causes inflammation and discomfort.
The most common symptoms of this disease are chronic pelvic pain, pain with menstruation and sex. It also causes subfertility: the woman does not lose its ability to be a mother, but the adhesions in the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes hinder conception and pregnancy.
Women with this difficulty may have a genetic factor that predisposes an immune and encourages the development of abnormal endometrial cells outside the uterus.
The issue with this disease is that there is enormous difficulty of diagnosis, since in most cases not confirmed until use an invasive method such as laparoscopic surgery, which although is performed with tiny video cameras through incisions, requires general anesthesia and all risks involved surgery. And, of course, you get to this stage when the endometriosis has already advanced. So the good news for women is that recent research has developed a new diagnostic method for endometriosis, which is done through the detection of certain proteins in urine. Thus, it is extremely easy to detect the problem in women. Progress was made in the use of a novel method based on the proteomic profile of urinary endogenous peptides to identify potential biomarkers of endometriosis.
While such tests are not yet routinely applied, in the future women will be detected and treated early and preventive. As of today, do not stop paying attention to the symptoms and consult, as if in some women, endometriosis progresses slowly over the years, in other progresses significantly within months.
Treatment for endometriosis includes laparoscopic surgical option (which apart to diagnose the disease remove cysts and adhesions), and there are therapies with hormones and drugs that slow the process. Even the contraceptive hormones are a common way to keep the endometriosis at bay.
In the case of fertility problems that the disease occurs, and it becomes necessary to resort to different therapies, from artificial insemination to fertility treatments of high complexity.
Specifically, the message is not to dismiss the symptoms, rule out the presence of endometriosis at the appearance thereof.